A growing number of graduate schools don’t require GRE scores for admission as mounting evidence shows the exam’s inability to predict grad school success.
Don’t waste time studying for the GRE.
A number of universities do not require the GRE while others offer GRE waivers if you have a good undergraduate GPA.
Online Master’s Programs without GRE Requirements
Accelerated 8-week online classes available. GRE is NOT required.
- Business (MBA Programs)
- Computer Science & Technology
- Counseling & Therapy
- Criminal Justice
- Healthcare Administration
- Human Resources
- Human Services
- Information Technology
- Liberal Arts & Fine Arts
- Political Science & International Relations
- Public Administration & Policy
- Public Health
- Social Work
- Sports Management
- Theology & Divinity
In addition to no GRE masters programs, a number of doctorate programs do not require the GRE or offer GRE waivers.
Online Doctoral Programs without GRE requirements
Accelerated 8-week online classes available. GRE is NOT required.
- Business, Management, & Finance
- Computer Science
- Criminal Justice
- Healthcare Administration
- Human Services
- Information Technology
- Occupational Therapy
- Psychology & Counseling
- Public Administration
- Public Health
- Public Policy
- Social Work
- Theology / Ministry
As you can see, there are quite a few Ph.D. programs that don’t require GRE scores to be considered for admission.
Master’s in Accounting (MA, MS, or MBA)
Master’s in Accounting will enable you to understand and develop the practical skills necessary to use some of the latest financial tools. Often, these financial tools are essential for the growth of any organization.
You will also get an in-depth knowledge of international accounting reports and business stats.
Business Graduate Programs
Master’s in Business Administration (MBA)
A Master’s degree in Business Administration will allow you to work on a managerial level that involves careers as managers and consultants in the private sector, research institutes, and government planning sector.
This degree offers students a chance to analyze, manage, and research study areas such as finance, administration, and marketing. MBA’s are one of the most popular online master’s programs.
Master’s in Finance (MA or MS)
The Master in Finance is a professional study that will allow you to learn how to use financial analysis models and techniques. At the end of the study period, students will be able to solve critical investment problems.
The aim of the course is to enable students to add value to organizations by creating financial strategies within a complex business environment.
Master’s in Marketing (MA, MS, or MBA)
The Master in Marketing allows students to study marketing techniques that can provide them a competitive advantage over their rivals. By identifying potential markets and segments, you will understand consumer purchasing processes.
The program also studies methods that provide an overview of consumer buying patterns in different markets.
Master’s in Organizational Leadership (MA, MS, or MBA)
A Master’s Degree in Organizational Leadership focuses on leadership qualities to manage the “human aspect” of corporations. As a student, you are likely to gain detailed knowledge of various disciplines such as humanities and social sciences.
After graduating, you can help your organization get maximum productivity from its workforce.
Master’s in Management (MA, MS, or MBA)
This degree allows students to gain a solid knowledge of changes that are shaping our corporate environment. You will get in-depth knowledge regarding the objectives of a modern organization that wants to add value to society.
Entrepreneurship, IT, and creativity are some of the core topics of this program.
Master’s in Human Resource Management (MA, MS, or MBA)
The Master in Human Resources studies the basic concepts linked to the supervision and management of people in the 21st century. You will learn how to deal with corporate employees in a fast paced environment of a large company.
The program also allows students to study different tools that are useful in managing workers, efficiently.
Computer Science & Technology Grad Programs
Master’s in Computer Science (MS)
Getting a Master’s in Computer Science allows you to analyze and design new computer systems. You can also study advanced design techniques associated with artificial intelligence and robotics.
Different type of programs in the field also offers extensive industry-experience enabling students to write complex applications related to computers, the Internet, and gaming.
Master’s in Information Technology (MA, MS, or MBA)
A Master’s in IT allows you to gain a broad knowledge of all ICT areas related to information technology. You will get insight into constantly evolving technology that is the basis of current research and innovation.
While studying, graduates conceive, plan, and manage the development of complex computer applications. You will also study IT systems from the business and institutional context related to the latest gadgets in the market.
Master’s in Cybersecurity or Information Assurance (MS)
A Master’s in Cybersecurity or Information Assurance covers legal and ethical aspects of security in the computing world.
As you study detailed topics, you will notice that most topics are tailored around security in computers.
Accordingly, students learn about various forensic issues that cover sources of a data hack. During the study, you will also uncover aspects of communication systems that are prone to cyber-attacks.
Counseling & Therapy Graduate Programs
Master’s in Counseling (MA or MS)
Master’s in Counseling is mainly focused on perusing a license in the fields of mental health counseling and school counseling. Enrolling in this program will enable you to learn modern techniques of individual and group counseling sessions.
During the course of study, graduate students interact with psychologically disturbed individuals who require effective communication to solve their social issues.
Master’s in Marriage and Family Therapy (MA or MS)
The Master’s Degree in Marriage and Family Counseling degree is designed to prepare highly qualified, entry-level therapists with specialized knowledge in the treatment of couples and families. You are trained to recognize individuals, couples and families from the perspective of our social system.
Students build strong conceptual, assessment, treatment planning, and intervention skills based on the main models of couple and family therapy.
Criminal Justice Grad Programs
Master’s in Criminal Justice (MA or MS)
A master’s in criminal justice offers students a chance to learn about prevailing criminal laws. You will learn about criminal phenomena of our time such as corruption, organized crime, corporate crime, and new technologies.
Upon graduation, students are well prepared for careers in a range of fields that includes a job as FBI agent, Air Marshall, Corrections Officer, and Parole Officer.
Education Graduate Programs
Master’s in Education (M.Ed)
Master’s in Education students get a broad overview of the educational challenges facing the modern world. You will develop and design educational projects that are vital to a progressive society.
Graduates also learn pedagogical and psychological foundations that make up the educational process.
Master’s in Teaching (MAT)
Master’s in Teaching will assist you in creating proposals that support the use of modern technologies. The course promotes learning in the classroom.
Unlike Master’s in Education, which provides a broader view of the educational environment, this course is based on techniques used inside a school environment.
Healthcare Administration Grad Programs
Master’s in Healthcare Administration
The Master of Health Services Administration will allow you to study subjects necessary for the development of leaders in the field of healthcare management.
While studying, you will have a chance to learn different aspects of management related to hospitals, healthcare organizations, and public health infrastructure.
Human Services Graduate Programs
Master’s in Human Services (MA)
Master’s in Human Services teach you how you can plan and manage services such as discounted healthcare programs, psychological counseling projects, drug rehabilitation services, and child services.
Mostly, courses are related to administering a wide range of public incentives and community-outreach initiatives.
Liberal Arts & Fine Arts Graduate Programs
Master’s in Fine Arts (MFA)
The Master of Fine Arts degree will allow you to focus on such diverse fields as visual arts, video, film, dance, theater, performing arts, and literary creation, among others.
Graduate students mostly specialize in engraving, photography, conceptual art, textile art, illustration, comics, and calligraphy.
Masters in Communication (MA)
Masters in Communication prepare students for a wide range of careers ranging from local news agencies to handling international projects in international companies and government organizations.
Your specialization options usually include organizational communication and marketing communication. Also, remember that this program is designed for entry to mid-level managers working in the corporate sector.
Nursing Graduate Programs
Master’s in Nursing (MSN) and MSN / Nurse Practitioner
The Master’s in Nursing degree aims to train professionals to handle a variety of medical issues. As a student, you will develop useful skills required in the hospital environment. Students also learn cutting-edge technology that is assisting future nurses to provide specialized care in an ethical manner to their patients.
The main objective of Master’s in Nursing Practice is to provide expert training to students helping them acquire first-hand knowledge of clinical skills. By the end of the Master’s degree, you will acquire the necessary expertise required to work and manage patients using traditional and scientific techniques.
Political Science & International Relations Graduate Programs
Master’s in Political Science (MS)
A Political Science degree covers topics related to the structure and function of governments, and how they influence people and societies. You will also evaluate the political, social and economic aspects of policies.
Different lines of investigation include government policies, institutional behavior, political culture, civil society, and intentional geopolitical security.
Master’s in International Relations (MA)
Master’s in International Relations combines Political Science to define modern aspects related to globalization, terrorism, ecological sustainability, and international financial issues.
Your curriculum will focus on complex relationships between nations and states. Students also study the relationship from historical, economic, political, legal and sociocultural perspectives to understand the impact of these diverse elements on a global scale.
Psychology Graduate Programs
Master’s in Psychology (MA or MS)
The Master’s in Psychology is usually aimed at professionals in social science, health science, and education science. After graduating, you are able to demonstrate a solid background in various types of research methods used in psychology.
During your studies, you will also develop solid skills needed to execute projects related to psychology, and create group intervention programs.
Master’s in Counseling (MA or MS)
The Master in Forensic Psychology provides fundamental skills for the practice of the profession of a forensic psychologist in an expert role. As an expert adviser, you will learn to prepare reports for the jury in legal proceedings.
You will also acquire the tools and knowledge necessary to prepare the forensic report in different jurisdictions and learn various methods to present such reports before Courts and Tribunals.
Public Administration & Public Policy Grad Programs
Master’s in Public Policy & Administration (MA or MS)
Master’s in Public Policy will allow you to study how laws, rules, and regulations are created by governmental organizations. The degree program could include the study of municipalities, regional governments, national organizations, and political and non-governmental organizations.
Students also use statistical data to analyze and diagnose the social needs of the population.
Students enrolled in Master’s in Public Administration learn about a number of administrative and management tasks common to nonprofit agencies and government organizations.
Master’s in Public Health (MPH)
Master’s in Public Health will train you to address public health measures from various perspectives. Students learn different intervention methods allowing them to deal with the health problems of a specific population. You will learn techniques such as advocacy intervention, protection, and restoration of community health programs.
A number of accredited universities offer an online MPH without GRE scores.
Social Work Graduate Programs
Master’s in Social Work (MSW)
The Master’s in Social Work is usually designed to improve the quality of life of a particular individual or community. You will likely combine research, crisis intervention, community organization, and strategy to achieve community-oriented results.
After graduation, students can work directly with hospitals, NGOs, and various government institutions.
Sports Management & Exercise Science Graduate Programs
Master’s in Sports Management (MS)
Master’s in Sports Management will allow you to apply tools for success in the sports industry. Topics of study include psychology, management, marketing, policymaking, and communications.
After graduating, you can find a large number of opportunities in management and training positions within sports organizations.
Master’s in Exercise Science (MS)
The Master’s Degree in Exercise Science is designed for professionals who already have a college degree in exercise science, kinesiology, physical education or a related subject. Through this program, you will gain strategic and critical thinking skills needed to understand body dynamics.
Knowledge about diet and nutrition that you gain from this program is immediately transferable to the current job market.
Theology & Divinity Graduate Programs
Master’s in Divinity (M.Div)
The Master of Divinity is mainly designed for students who wish to serve the people of God through the proclamation of the gospel of Jesus Christ in the local church. As a student, you gain comprehensive skills to recognize and understand the different views of our world and to know how the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ impacts each person in their individual context.
Master’s in Theology & Religion
As a student of Master’s in Theology, you will learn the nature of divinity by reviewing a variety of religious and philosophical beliefs. It is often, but not always, studied to enhance existing knowledge in a specific religion. Your program will cover comparative religion, philosophy, and spiritual writing as well as the effects of religion on history, economics, and politics.
Doctoral Programs without GRE requirements
A number of doctoral programs no longer require the GRE for admissions. This is most common with professional doctorates such as the Doctor of Business administration and Doctor of Education, among others.
In this section, we will take a closer look at the doctoral-level graduate programs that do not have a GRE requirement.
Doctor of Business Administration – DBA or PhD
Doctoral business degrees allow you to contribute to business theory by conducting research on a specific topic. The research is aimed at providing strategic and innovative solutions to the complex problems faced by organizations.
Online Doctor of Business (DBA) and PhD Programs
Earning a Doctorate in Business Administration (DBA) or PhD in Business Administration can unlock multiple career opportunities for anyone who wants to work in senior management and executive-level positions in any business field.
You will learn about business organization, ethics, finance, data analysis, economics, and marketing depending on the specialization chosen.
Doctor of Computer Science
A doctor of computer science is a professional doctorate for computer science consultants, academics, and IT professionals.
The program encourages you to develop strategic skills, to be a thought leader in your field, and to contribute to the body of knowledge in your area of expertise.
PhD in Criminal Justice
A Ph.D. in criminal justice ensures that you will have the skills to pursue a career in law enforcement or a criminal investigation role.
Students learn about social psychology, juvenile justice, law, homeland security, law enforcement, criminal behavior, cybercriminal behavior, data analysis, and justice system tactics.
Doctor of Education (EdD)
The Doctor of Education develops education leaders and researchers who are capable of generating specific knowledge regarding the educational problems of the 21st century.
As a student, you will conduct analysis and research around the educational infrastructure. Mostly, such programs are also recognized as preparation for administrative positions in schools and colleges.
Doctor of Healthcare Administration – DBA, DHA, or PhD
The Doctor of Healthcare Administration will prepare you to deal with the emerging topics of public health practice.
It provides the student with necessary knowledge and skills to analyze and evaluate health systems by making decisions based on evidence. You will be ready as a future leader to influence policies, programs, and institutions through unique skills and knowledge obtained from this program.
PhD in Human Services
For those who want to go into a leadership role within human and social services, a Ph.D. is a wise decision.
This program teaches you about empowering communities, organizing city leaders, helping with social services, and learning how to manage people to make the world a better place. Students go on to be social workers, city planners, coordinators, and administrators.
PhD in Information Technology – PhD, DBA, or DIT
Within the field of information technology, there are numerous careers involving computers, networking, and cybersecurity.
A Doctor of Information Technology program helps place leaders in executive positions at businesses whey can improve the technology at that company. Doctors in IT go on to become senior data scientists, project managers, network specialists, CITs, and cybersecurity specialists.
The objective of doctoral level IT programs is to improve the technical experience of its participants and equip them with the skills, knowledge and experience they need to obtain leadership status in fields related to technology.
You will learn about various IT management strategies that can help scientists develop more advanced technology systems.
Doctor of Nursing Practice – DNP or PhD
For experienced nursing professionals, Doctor of Nursing Practice offers an opportunity to study the theoretical and philosophical aspects of nursing science.
By developing these skills at a broader level, you will be able to help medical scientists and researchers understand medical issues related to nursing and paramedics.
Subjects such as epidemiology, anatomy, and physiology make up the majority of courses studied in the program.
Doctor of Occupational Therapy (DOT)
If you are interested in research, the Doctor of Occupational Therapy can offer extensive learning opportunities to work in a public setting.
Scholars usually learn skills that are relevant to a specific population, age range or community. The theory can be applied to various community-based practices by using existing evidence to develop a specific project.
PhD in Psychology & Counseling
A Psychology doctorate will extend your understanding of basic psychological issues. A Ph.D. in Psychology (or Therapy) will prepare you to work in a wide variety of settings, such as private practices, hospitals, and academia.
A Ph.D. in Psychology is the highest program level for students who want to work in clinical practice. However, there are many career paths with this degree, including teaching, forensic psychology, and patient care.
During this program, courses in human behavior, mental disorders, and neurological functioning are studied in greater detail.
Doctor of Public Administration (DPA)
A Doctor of Public Administration (DPA) offers students the chance to go into a career working with nonprofits, government agencies, and non-government organizations.
High-quality DPA programs will teach you about communication, city planning, leadership, management, problem-solving skills, budgeting, and public policy.
A Doctor of Public Administration allows students to undertake research in the field of public policy. You will examine the evolution and use of different styles and modes of management in the public domain.
Common areas of study include criminology, human resources, IT systems, statistics, and psychology.
Doctor of Public Health – PhD
If you are interested in getting a Doctor of Public Health, then prepare yourself to carry out extensive research related to public health and health systems.
During the study, students learn how to respond strategically to public health challenges. You will learn how to tackle such problems at the global and national levels by positively contributing to the development, management, and innovation of health policies.
PhD in Public Policy
A Ph.D. in Public Policy helps students learn about analytical research, policymaking, educating others, and becoming community leaders at local, state, and federal levels.
Students learn economic regulations, international development, environmental policy, international security, and economics.
Doctor of Social Work & Human Services – PhD
The Doctoral Program in Social Work will allow you to conduct research in the field of social policies and welfare. At the end of the program, students are capable of generating quality research proposals that contribute to the development of social policies.
The study usually integrates applied and conceptual research.
Doctor of Theology or Ministry
Within a ministry program, students learn how to lead Christian institutions and serve in higher ministerial roles.
With a Doctor of Ministry, you will learn about theology, Christian traditions, community leadership, ethics, and research.
You can also customize your own studies based on an approved independent research project that can become an important theological reflection for the Church.
What types of graduate school waivers for the GRE are available?
It depends on the university, but the most common graduate programs that don’t require GRE (or offer a GRE waiver) look at the following criteria for admissions consideration.
1. Previously Earned Graduate Degree
If you have already earned a graduate degree in a related field, GRE requirements are often waived based on previous experience. Doctor of Nursing Practice is an example of such a degree.
2. Work Experience
Many reputable universities may substitute GRE for work experience. This is particularly true for research-intensive programs where experience is more necessary than previous academic qualifications.
Admission directors of various programs, such as healthcare, public policy, medical science, and business administration, encourage applications from experienced students because these students can positively apply theory to practice.
A number of these schools also have PhD programs without GRE scores required.
3. Undergraduate GPA Range
You will be happy to know that a number of graduate programs do not require GRE from students if their GPA falls in a particular range. It means that you can increase your chances of GRE exemption with a better GPA. The average undergraduate GPA range for most graduate programs is between 2.8 and 3.0.
GMAT vs. GRE
Some programs, particularly degrees related to business, allow students to provide GMAT scores instead of GRE. If you have already taken GMAT, talk to the admission counselor to waive GRE requirements.
No GRE Policy
Many graduate programs don’t require GRE from their applicants. This policy is usually followed by graduate schools that put greater emphasis on your research work and past experience. In fact, you can always find a school that has a “no GRE” policy.
Should I Send GRE Scores to Grad Schools if they are optional?
If a school doesn’t require GRE, you can still send your scores if they are good enough to be noticed. Even if GRE is optional, there are a lot of schools that encourage students to send GRE. On the other hand, it’s a bad idea to include low GRE scores, particularly when the school doesn’t ask you to send one.
Are Grad Schools that Don’t Require GRE Scores Reputable?
Accredited by same accrediting agencies that require scores
If your school doesn’t require GRE, it doesn’t mean that its reputation is at stake. In reality, “no GRE” is just a part of their admission policy because they are accredited by the same regional bodies, which endorse GRE exams.
Same level of academic quality and excellence
You may not know that all graduate schools are accredited by the same educational body. It means that higher educational institutes in the United States have to follow and submit to quality guidelines that are also similar to other institutes.
GRE scores do not determine future academic success
An increasing number of graduate schools are putting less focus on GRE because recent research indicates that GRE scores do not correlate with future success. A recent publication in Science Magazine provides significant evidence related to the phenomenon. Therefore, you should not worry about taking GRE.
GRE scores are often misused by admissions committees
Research evidence also suggests that GRE scores are often misinterpreted by the admission committee of schools that rely too heavily on these scores. It is yet another reason why many schools don’t require GRE.
Which entry exams may be required by graduate schools in the U.S.?
GRE: It is the most common admission test for graduate schools in the United States. You will take exams in basic algebra, arithmetic, geometry, and data analysis. Written material and problems solving skills are also used to compare candidates.
GMAT: The GMAT exam is the most preferred admission test for admission into business schools. You will be assessed in analytical writing assessment, integrated reasoning, quantitative, and verbal sections.
Miller Analogies Test: The test is required for admission to specific degree programs. It is a high analytics test comprising of 120 questions in the form of an analogy.
TOEFL: This admission test is mandatory for international students whose native language is not English. It tests students for their ability to read, listen, write, and speak in the English language.
What is the Graduate Record Exam (GRE)?
The GRE will test you in three content areas, which include the analytical writing section, verbal reasoning, and quantitative reasoning. The score ranges from 130 and 170, where the top 10% of all test takers score an average of 164.
GRE vs. GMAT: What’s the difference?
There are three key differences between the two tests. While GMAT is preferred by business schools, GRE is the choice for admission into most other U.S. graduate programs.
Experts also believe that quantitative sections on GMAT are more difficult than GRE. In contrast, GRE can be difficult for non-native speakers as its verbal section contains more obscure words compared to GMAT.
Did you know that GRE candidates are allowed to return to their questions? In contrast, the GMAT format doesn’t allow candidates to go back to previous sections. This difference in format can increase your test anxiety when taking GMAT.
Are there grad schools that don’t require GRE scores?
There are plenty of graduate programs administered by reputable schools that don’t require GRE. Your GRE scores can also be waived depending on experience, GPA, and GMAT scores.
Can you apply to grad school without GRE scores?
Yes, you can apply to graduate schools without a GRE score depending on the admission policy of each school. There are quite a few online masters programs that don’t require GRE scores (and neither do the doctoral programs at those schools).
Should I apply to a graduate school without GRE requirements?
You should not hesitate to apply to graduate schools without a formal GRE requirement. A number of reputable schools in the United States do not regard GRE as a prominent factor in their admission policy.
In addition, you can also find a number of colleges that have no dissertation for doctoral programs.
Is the GRE required for adult online students?
Most accredited online graduate programs offer similar quality of education compared to class-based programs. Accordingly, a number of online programs do not require the GRE test, while others may provide test waivers, if applicable.
Is the GRE Test Required for Graduate School?
No, the GRE exam is not required by all graduate schools. In the United States, there are over 90 reputable universities that do not require the GRE exam as a part of their admission process.
GRE requirements vary from school to school. Here’s a list of the universities that do not require GRE scores for admission.
Can you get a GRE waiver?
It doesn’t hurt to ask the graduate school for the GRE test waiver. Many schools will waive the admission test if you have many years of relevant experience. A good GPA may also qualify you for the test waiver. Similarly, if you have already taken GMAT, GRE may not be required.
Does applying to a no GRE graduate program save time?
Yes, it is more practical to apply to a no GRE graduate program if you’re short of time. Remember, GRE takes several months to prepare properly. The preparation means that you can delay your application to graduate school by 6 months to one year. If time to completion is a major consideration, check out our article on accelerated online PhD programs.
Hopefully, this information will be able to bust the myth that every reputable graduate school requires GRE. If you don’t have the time to take the test, don’t wait for another semester to get admission. Instead, start looking for a program that encourages your skills and experience rather than your test-taking abilities.
What is a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)?
The Doctor of Philosophy is a research program that spans multiple years of study; therefore, a graduate degree is necessary to gain admission in a Ph.D. program. During the time, you will likely undertake a research program under the guidance of a supervisor. In a traditional Ph.D. program, a thesis is defended in front of examiners.
List of 90 Graduate Schools that don’t require GRE scores
If you’re thinking about applying to graduate school, here is a list of grad schools that do not require the GRE exam:
- American Public University
- American University
- Anna Maria College
- Antioch University
- Arizona State University
- Arkansas State University
- Ball State University
- Baylor University
- Belhaven University
- Benedictine University
- Boston University
- Brenau University
- Briar Cliff University
- California State University – Dominguez Hills
- California State University – Northridge
- Capella University
- Claremont Lincoln University
- Colorado State University
- Colorado Technical University
- Concordia University – Montreal
- Drexel University
- Emory University
- Emporia State University
- Excelsior College
- Fitchburg State University
- Florida Atlantic University
- Florida Atlantic University
- Fort Hays State University
- Franklin University
- Frostburg State University
- George Washington University
- Georgetown University
- Gonzaga University
- Graceland University
- Johns Hopkins University
- Kent State University
- Lamar University
- Liberty University
- Louisiana State University
- Minnesota State University – Moorhead
- Minot State University
- Missouri State University
- New York Tech
- North Carolina State University
- Northeastern University
- Northern Illinois University
- Northcentral University
- Norwich University
- Nova Southeastern University
- New York University – School of Social Work
- Ohio University
- Post University
- Purdue University Global
- Queens University
- Regis University
- Rochester Institute of Technology
- Rutgers University
- Saint Mary’s University
- Simmons College
- Southeastern Oklahoma State University
- Southern New Hampshire University
- St. Bonaventure University
- Texas A&M University
- Texas Tech University
- Thomas Edison State University
- Trident University
- Troy State University
- University of Arizona
- University of Arkansas
- University of Cincinnati
- University of Florida
- University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign
- University of Iowa
- University of Kansas
- University of Nebraska
- University of New England
- University of North Carolina – Wilmington
- University of North Georgia
- University of Saint Mary
- University of San Diego
- University of Scranton
- University of Southern California
- University of Vermont
- University of Wisconsin
- Utica College
- Webster University
- West Texas A&M University
- Western Carolina University
- Western Governors University
- Wilmington University
Many well-known graduate schools do not consider the GRE to be a reliable predictor of success.