What does it take to become an addiction counselor? The answer to that question depends largely on where you live. Each state sets its own rules, but you’ll probably need to obtain a college education.
To find out whether substance abuse counseling is a good fit for you, enroll in some undergraduate psychology or behavioral science classes. If you decide to stick with the program, you may eventually want to earn a master’s degree.
Graduate studies can prepare you for clinical counseling licensure and the opportunity to work in private practice.
By pairing education and training with compassion and caring, you can make a real difference for people with substance abuse disorders.
How to Become a Certified Addiction Counselor
The first step to becoming an addiction counselor is earning your high school diploma or GED. All states require addiction counselors to be high school graduates.
But although you may be able to start working in this field with just a high school diploma, it’s a good idea to seek further education. Most states require higher education for their addiction counselors, and, in any case, college classes will help you get better at the job.
If you earn your bachelor’s degree in a field related to addiction counseling, such as psychology or human services, you may soon be eligible to pursue industry certifications.
Most certification programs require you to earn college credit hours and accumulate professional work experience before you sit for their exams. Once you pass certain tests, some states will approve you to become an official addiction counselor.
To become an addiction counselor, follow these 5 steps:
- Earn your high school diploma or GED.
- Study a related field for your bachelor’s degree.
- Put your time in working.
- Take the exams.
- Bonus: Further your education with a graduate degree.
To become a clinically licensed addiction counselor who can practice independently, a master’s degree is required.
You’ll also have to accumulate professional experience and pass an examination. Someday, you may even want to earn an addiction doctorate.
Addiction Counselor Degrees
The more education you earn, the more tools you’ll have at your disposal to help people with addictions. To get started in this field, it’s a good idea to earn a bachelor’s degree and then advance further with master’s and even doctoral studies.
Click on your appropriate educational level to jump to that section.
The value of a bachelor’s degree in addiction studies varies from state to state. In some states, you can begin counseling with only this undergraduate degree. You won’t be licensed for independent practice but may be able to work under the guidance of a supervisor.
Other states are stricter about granting official addiction counselor titles. If you live in one of those places, you’ll need to earn a master’s degree first. Fortunately, a bachelor’s degree in this field can help you move smoothly into a graduate program.
In the meantime, your undergraduate degree will likely qualify you to hold some sort of position in the addiction field. For example, you might be able to work as a counseling assistant, a caseworker, or a caregiver in a group home.
Whether you want to go right into the workforce or plan to enroll in grad school, it’s a good idea to choose an undergraduate program that directly relates to addiction counseling.
Bachelor’s programs for addiction counselors include:
- Applied Behavioral Science
- Human Services
- Psychology — Addictions
- Psychology — Counseling and Clinical
- Social Work
Among these degrees, a BA or BS in Psychology with a concentration in Addiction may be the most common.
Earning a master’s degree is an important step for many addiction counselors. In some states, you must achieve this level of education before you’re allowed to practice as a substance abuse counselor.
All states require you to get a master’s if you want to become clinically licensed.
In states other than Kansas, a master’s degree can be a good way to break into this field for the first time. Most master’s programs don’t require you to hold a particular bachelor’s degree.
On the other hand, certain undergraduate prerequisites may qualify you for an advanced-standing master’s program.
Some graduate programs are specifically designed to prepare you for licensure. You’ll first need to earn work hours and take an exam. Licensure will allow you to practice independently, and it can qualify you to take advanced roles with increased responsibilities or higher pay.
Some substance abuse professionals choose to earn a doctoral degree. Typically, a master’s degree is the minimum educational requirement for taking clinical licensure exams, but you could also qualify with a doctorate.
In fact, to become a professional psychologist, you must earn a doctoral degree. In settings like hospitals, medical clinics, rehabilitation centers, and private practices, psychologists can provide counseling services for people who have addictions.
Having a doctorate can also open the door for other opportunities in this field. You could become a researcher who studies addiction science and treatment methods, or you could teach students who want to become substance abuse counselors.
Your doctorate may also make you an outstanding candidate for leadership positions in treatment facilities and non-profit organizations.
What Does an Addiction Counselor Do?
Substance abuse counselors help people who are addicted to drugs, alcohol, or nicotine. Addiction counselors can also work with people who have other dependencies, such as gambling addictions.
Counselors may see clients in one-on-one sessions or group meetings. Through frequent check-ins, counselors can help people consider why they behave the ways they do and learn to make different choices.
Sometimes, the professionals may also provide therapy for mental health issues that co-occur with addictions.
Addiction counselors may have additional responsibilities. These can include conducting client evaluations and coordinating treatment plans among various professionals. Counselors also help clients transition out of treatment.
What Are the Skills of a Successful Addiction Counselor?
Substance abuse counseling is a rewarding career, but it can also present many challenges. Your education and clinical experiences can help you prepare for the rough parts of the job, and your personal skill set can help you achieve success as well.
To be a good counselor over the long term, you must be able to manage your personal and professional stress. You must also be able to confidently set boundaries so that your work responsibilities don’t become overwhelming.
Good people skills can make all the difference. You must be an empathetic listener who pays attention to what others say and cares about making a difference.
Where Do Substance Abuse Counselors Work?
Outpatient treatment centers employ 19% of addiction counselors, and another 10% work at residential facilities.
Addiction counselors may also find employment with hospitals, medical clinics, correctional facilities, halfway houses, schools, youth centers, government agencies, or non-profit organizations. Others are employed by individual businesses to provide employee support.
Clinical Experience Requirements
After earning your degree, you will probably need to earn clinical hours before you can become credentialed by your state. During your clinical experiences, you’ll work directly with clients and put your classroom knowledge into practice.
A more advanced addiction counselor will provide supervision and guidance. Discussing cases with your supervisor will help you learn from your experiences and consider different ways to address issues that may arise during counseling sessions.
The number of clinical hours that you need can vary greatly depending on the state or the certification program, but you can expect it to be in the thousands. You might have to accrue quite a few more hours if you have only a bachelor’s degree than you would after earning a master’s degree.
Licensure and Certification Requirements
Each state sets its own rules about how professionals must demonstrate their competence in addiction counseling. The regulations usually involve achieving a certain level of education and earning certifications or passing licensure examinations.
The examinations used for licensure purposes in most states aren’t exclusive to addiction counseling. Rather, they are used by counselors across many disciplines and are designed to test your overall counseling abilities.
Your state may rely on the National Counselor Examination (NCE) or the National Clinical Mental Health Counselor Examination (NCMHCE).
Once you pass the required exams, you may be eligible to apply for state licensure that so you can practice as a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor (LCPC) or another title used by your state.
In addition to general counseling certifications, you can also earn certifications that are specific to the field of addiction treatment. Some of the most well-known certifications are offered by the National Certification Committee for Addiction Professionals (NCC AP).
NCC AP certifications include:
- Master Addiction Counselor (MAC)
- National Certified Addiction Counselor, Level I (NCAC I)
- National Certified Addiction Counselor, Level II (NCAC II)
- National Certified Adolescent Addiction Counselor (NCAAC)
- National Clinical Supervision Endorsement (NCSE)
- National Peer Recovery Support Specialist (NCPRSS)
- Nicotine Dependence Specialist (NDS)
To take NCC AP certification exams, you must already hold state credentials for addiction counseling or another healing profession.
How Much Does an Addiction Counselor Make?
The median annual wage for substance abuse counselors is $44,630. Most people in this field earn salaries from $28,240 to $72,990.
You’re likely to earn more if you work for a government agency or a healthcare facility. Those who work in private practices and outpatient centers typically have salaries that fall toward the middle of the scale, and employees at inpatient facilities may earn the least amount of money.
Pay can vary significantly throughout the country. Experience and education can help you move up the pay scale.
How Long Does It Take to Become an Addiction Counselor?
The length of time that you’ll need to invest in addiction education and training will depend on your state’s requirements.
On average, it takes about four years to get a bachelor’s degree and another two for a master’s.
After graduation, you’ll need to earn several thousand clinical hours in supervised work settings. The exact requirements can vary, but keep in mind that earning the average of 6,000 hours may take about three years.
Once you’ve earned the required amount of education and experience, you can take a certification exam. You may need to study for several months.
You can move up in the professional world with additional certifications. Each will require acquiring more training and work experience.
As you begin your search for a program to continue your education, always check that the university is accredited by a regional agency. Schools that don’t submit to accreditation audits probably don’t offer the highest quality education.
To see if a university is accredited, simply go to the U.S. Department of Education’s database website and type in the name of the college or university.
After narrowing down the list of schools you’d like to enroll in, it’s time to apply for student aid. Every little bit helps, whether it’s through the federal government, your state, private organizations, the university itself, or even your current employer.
You might qualify for:
- Deferred Loans
- Tuition assistance
If you take a deferred loan, you probably won’t have to start paying it back until after you find a job. If you accept tuition assistance from your employer, you’ll most likely have to commit to working for them for a certain period of time.
Here are our answers to a few more questions people commonly ask about going into addiction counseling?
What Is an Addiction Counselor?
An addiction counselor is a professional trained to assist people who struggle with any kind of addiction. Many focus on drugs or alcohol as so many people struggle in these areas. Other counselors help people work through sex, gambling, or other types of addictions.
Most states require addiction counselors to be licensed or working under a licensed counselor.
Do I Need to Have a Degree in Addiction Counseling to Be an Addiction Counselor?
A degree in addiction counseling demonstrates your knowledge about working with people who have substance use disorders, but states have different rules about the education levels they require.
If you have an undergraduate degree in an unrelated field, you could get a substance abuse master’s degree in order to start working as a counselor for the first time. Programs to consider include Addiction Studies, Psychology, Social Work, or Counseling.
Professional counselors may be able to shift their focus to addiction counseling by pursuing certifications from NCC AP. The National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC) also issues a Master Addictions Counselor (MCC) certification.
What Degree Do I Need to Be a Substance Abuse Counselor?
The education that you need for practicing as an addiction counselor depends on the state in which you practice. You may be able to work in this field with only a high school education or an associate’s degree.
Most commonly, though, a person who hopes to become a counselor should earn a bachelor’s degree and then a master’s degree. This educational path can empower you to provide comprehensive counseling care for people with substance use disorders.
What Is NAADAC Membership?
NAADAC, The Association for Addiction Professionals is an organization for people who work in substance abuse treatment. There are professional memberships for credentialed addiction counselors and associate memberships for those in related positions.
While you’re in school, you can sign up for a student membership.
Members subscribe to a code of ethics, and they have access to a variety of resources. These include networking opportunities, industry advocacy, job postings, continuing-education webinars, and a magazine subscription.
NAADAC is the parent organization for NCC AP, but holding NCC AP certification doesn’t automatically make you a NAADAC member. Enrollment is separate, and dues are paid annually.
The Action Plan
So, what do you need to do to become an addiction counselor?
- Earn your degree.
- Rack up counseling hours.
- Achieve licensing.
Make sure that the school you study at is fully accredited and investigate all avenues of financial aid to see you through!