Is computer science a good major? With average incomes of between $60,000 and $120,000 and job growth of 12% or more, yes, computer science is a good major.
The pay is competitive, and job growth for the industry is faster than the national average. Computer science could be a very worthwhile investment for the future.
Courses for a Computer Science Major
You can expect to learn many different subjects as a computer science student. The basics will revolve around computing, of course, but depending on your interests and specializations, you could wind up studying everything from biocomputation to artificial intelligence.
Computer Programming: Computer programming courses will teach you about the structure of computers and how they work. You’ll learn about algorithms, networks, databases, and operating systems, and you’ll be introduced to programming languages like HTML and CSS. If you’re interested in coding, the latter is a must.
Cybersecurity: As the world grows increasingly digital, there are more and more threats to the sensitive information that’s stored within computers. Cybersecurity classes will show you how to protect data from those who would exploit it. You’ll learn about the forensics of digital systems and how to protect files, encrypt networks, assess risks, and thwart hackers.
Discrete Mathematics: Discrete mathematics isn’t a branch of math like algebra or calculus. Instead, it’s a specific kind of math that can be applied to different branches, and it involves things like sequences, relations, functions, algorithms, number theory, matrix theory, and more. It’s very common in computer science, so many degree programs will require it.
Database Administration: Database administration is an entire field of study. You can even get a degree in it. If you just want some skills for a career in computer science, however, you can take classes in general database administration. They’ll cover topics like cloud computing, electronic commerce, data analysis, and decision support systems.
Information Technology (IT): Information technology is another wide-ranging field with its own degree programs, but it can also be a specialization for computer science majors. It requires good problem-solving skills and strong attention to detail. Topics might include everything from operating systems to programming languages.
Web and Software Development: There’s a big market for developers, so whether you’re interested in creating apps, coding websites, or troubleshooting for software programs, these kinds of courses can help you build career skills for the future. They range from basic to advanced, depending on your skill level.
Computer Science Major Pros
There are a lot of benefits to getting a computer science degree.
The most obvious perk is money. Many computer science jobs are worth more than $100,000 per year, and the top earners in the field can take home almost $200,000 per year. This is especially true of professionals who are working in-demand jobs.
For example, the median pay of a computer and information research scientists is $118,370 per year. But when you look at the different fields that these scientists can be employed in, the pay can reach $140,000 per year:
- Software ($140,220)
- Science research and development ($128,570)
- Computer systems ($124,220)
- Government ($109,810)
- Colleges and other higher learning institutions ($82,660)
Another nice thing about computer science is that it’s a very hot industry with thousands of new jobs coming on the market each year. Its growth rate is 12%, and that’s just the average for the entire industry.
Individual jobs like information security analyst have growth rates of more than 30%.
Last but not least, a computer science degree will qualify you for work in many different fields. You don’t have to lock yourself into a specific career. Depending on your interests and qualifications, you can shift between jobs, skills, companies, and even industries.
Computer Science Major Cons
While a degree in computer science can be quite lucrative, there are also a few drawbacks to consider.
For starters, it’s a very difficult major. You’ll be expected to take high-level classes in subjects like physics, programming, engineering, computer systems, and information technology.
You might be surprised at some of the things that you’ll need to learn. For example, your cybersecurity class might teach you about quantum cryptology for better protection against hackers.
Mathematics is another big part of computer science degrees, so if you aren’t good with numbers, you’re going to struggle with calculus, probability, discrete mathematics, and mathematical foundations of computing.
Computer science is also a field where you’ll need a lot of motivation to carry you through the demanding work. Almost 60% of tech workers report feelings of burnout, and the dropout rate in computer science programs is more than any other college major.
Some people would argue that you don’t even need a degree in computer science to be successful in a computer science field. Entrepreneurs can make millions of dollars with apps and software systems that they create themselves.
All things considered, however, it’s dangerous to focus on money at the exclusion of all else. If you have a true passion for computer science, it’s worth getting a degree in the subject.
It will give you a much better chance at a stable, high-paying career, and it will teach you the difficult but necessary subjects that you need to succeed.
What Can I Do with a Major in Computer Science?
A computer science major can open doors in many different fields.
If you’re good with science and technology, you might enjoy a job as a programmer, data scientist, network administrator, or information systems manager. These are all desk jobs that involve heavy computer use as you solve problems and manage projects.
Are you the creative type? Computer science jobs don’t have to be boring. Every industry needs computer experts, including those devoted to movies and video games, so you can have a fun and dynamic career as a digital marketer or mobile applications developer.
You can even go the entrepreneurial route and become a freelancer who invents or designs new things.
Another possibility is working with your hands. If you combine computer science and engineering, you can become an expert in computer hardware, industrial design, or server infrastructure.
You can build computers from scratch as a developer, or you can troubleshoot issues with gadgets and gizmos as an IT technician.
Here are a few common jobs for computer science majors and what they pay:
- Information Systems Security Manager ($122,690)
- Computer and Information Research Scientist ($118,370)
- Computer Network Architect ($109,020)
- Software Developer ($105,590)
- Data Scientist ($96,004)
- Cybersecurity Engineer ($93,815)
- Database Administrator ($90,070)
- Computer Systems Analyst ($88,740)
- Network Engineer ($69,526)
- Web Developer ($69,430)
- Programmer ($62,717)
Keep in mind that these are all median salaries. Your exact pay will depend on things like education, experience, industry, job title, and geographic location.
Professional Organizations for Those with a Computer Science Degree
Professional organizations can be a great resource for computer science majors. Not only can they help with schooling and skill-building, but they can also provide support, advice, mentorship, and job opportunities after you graduate.
Here are just a few organizations dedicated specifically to computer science students.
- With more than 100,000 members, the Association for Computing Machinery is one of the largest of its kind. It offers everything from an online learning center to discounts on products and services through third-party vendors.
- The IEEE Computer Society is an offshoot of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. It’s for students and professionals interested in computers, science, technology, hardware, and IT. You might be particularly interested in its certification programs for various tech skills.
- The Computing Research Association is a nonprofit devoted to computer science and related fields. Membership benefits include access to workshops, seminars, and scholarly journals.
There are other organizations that can support your computer science studies as well. It’s just a matter of finding them and utilizing their resources to prepare you for the workforce.
Accreditation for an Online Computer Science Degree
Accreditation is a review process for colleges. It proves that they meet objective educational standards, and it qualifies them to receive federal financial aid.
There are six regional accrediting boards for colleges in the United States. They’re divided into different groups defined as Southern, Western, Northwest, North Central, New England, and the Middle States.
For example, the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities (NWCCU) covers the states of Utah, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Alaska.
There are also accrediting boards that are meant specifically for computer science and other related fields. The biggest is the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET), which is divided into four branches:
- Computing Accreditation Commission
- Engineering Accreditation Commission
- Engineering Technology Accreditation Commission
- Applied and Natural Science Accreditation Commission
However, the lack of an ABET certification shouldn’t be an automatic deal-breaker. There are award-winning computer science programs offered at places like Stanford and Berkley that don’t have ABET certification. As long as the school is regionally accredited, you’re good to go.
Financial Aid for a Bachelor’s in Computer Science Online
The best source of financial aid is the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). It offers grants, loans, and work-study opportunities, and it doesn’t cost a dime to submit your paperwork for consideration.
If you need more than what the government can offer, you can also look into scholarships. There are general scholarships offered to low-income or high-performing students, and there are also industry-specific scholarships meant for students within a particular major.
As a computer science undergrad, you might be eligible for the following:
- ESA Foundation Scholarship Program: Offered by the Entertainment Software Association, this scholarship is meant for women and minorities who are studying computer or video game arts. It awards up to $3,000 annually.
- Ford Motor Company Tribal Scholars Program: This scholarship is a collaboration between Ford Motors and the American Indian College Fund. It offers $3,000 annually to students of Native American ancestry who are studying in science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM) fields.
- Gates Millennium Scholars Program: Founded by Bill and Melinda Gates, this is one of the most generous scholarships out there. It grants full rides to minority students of any major, but the criteria are strict, and the competition is fierce.
- Microsoft Tuition Scholarship: This scholarship is meant for STEM students, including computer science students. It can cover up to 100% of your tuition costs.
- Regeneron Science Talent Search: Rather than a traditional scholarship, this is a national science competition where the finalists can earn money for college. You’ll need to be a high school senior to apply. The awards range from internship opportunities to monetary prizes between $2,000-$250,000.
- SMART Scholarship: The Science, Mathematics, And Research For Transformation (SMART) Scholarship is offered by the U.S. Department of Defense. It’s quite generous, providing everything from full tuition coverage to a health insurance allowance, but the requirements are equally strict.
- Wayne V. Black Memorial Scholarship Award: Offered by the Energy Telecommunications and Electrical Association, this scholarship offers a one-time payment of $5,000 for deserving students.
There are other scholarships to seek out, as well. Don’t be limited by these suggestions if you need help funding your computer science degree.
Questions Related to Earning a Computer Science Degree Online
Here are our answers to a few more questions you might have.
What Is the Best Major in Computer Science?
If you’re majoring in computer science, you can concentrate your studies on several different areas of interest:
- Artificial Intelligence
- Computer and Network Security
- Human-Computer Interaction
- Information Management and Analytics
- Mobile and Web Computing
- Software Engineering
Some schools offer these studies as voluntary minors or degree concentrations. Others will require you to choose a specialization.
As for the “best,” it all depends on where you’d like to work after graduation. Take a look at the job requirements of a career that interests you. What degrees do these professionals have? What skills do hiring managers find desirable?
Is Computer Science a Hard Major?
Computer science is a very demanding subject. You’ll be studying at the crossroads of math, science, and technology, and classes will cover everything from programming languages to advanced number theory.
Things get even more complex if you specialize. If you’re interested in data analytics, for example, your course list could include everything from “Statistical Modeling” to “Linear Regression in Data Science.”
Simply put, you should expect to work hard as a computer science major.
Is There Any Reason Why You Shouldn’t Major in Computer Science?
There are a few reasons why you might not want to study computer science. The primary reason is the difficulty of the subject; lots of students burn out, so you’ll need a strong and dedicated interest in whatever you’re learning.
You can also make money in computer science even without getting a degree, but you should know that the Mark Zuckerbergs of the world are rare. It’s usually worth getting a degree for the career stability that it can offer.
Is Computer Science for Me?
Do you have a genuine love for computer science? Are you willing to put in several years of hard work to ensure that you’re eligible for high-paying jobs with good growth opportunities?
A computer science degree isn’t for everyone. If you answered yes to these questions, however, you might be a good candidate for a computer science degree program.
Look into your options and see what’s out there. You might find a university with a computer science program that speaks directly to your interests.